Artificial Intelligence an area of computer science that deals with giving machines the ability to seem like they have human intelligence and to power of a machine to copy intelligent human behaviour.
(AI) can also be used for the greater good. Here are five global problems that machine learning could help us solve.
One of the biggest benefits of AI is its ability to trawl through massive amounts of data in record time. This helps researchers pinpoint areas of focus for their own research. For example, a recent ground-breaking discovery on the disease Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), was made through a partnership between a Neurological Institute and the artificial intelligence company.
2. Making driving safer
Despite the crashes involving self-driving cars that have hit the headlines this year, this area of AI could dramatically reduce deaths and injuries on our roads.
According to a report by Stanford University, not only will self-driving cars reduce traffic related deaths and injuries, but they could bring about changes in our lifestyles as well. We will have more time to work or entertain ourselves during commutes, and we may have more choice over where we base ourselves: “The increased comfort and decreased cognitive load with self-driving cars and shared transportation may affect where people choose to live,” the free online plagiarism checker for students report says.
3. Transforming how we learn
People learn differently, at different speeds and with different starting points. Artificial intelligence could usher in a future where we all learn in a much more personalised way. But no education system in the world can afford a tutor for every child, so this is where AI might be able to step in. Artificial tutors, made to look and sound as much like humans as possible, could take the lead in delivering personalised education.
4. Smarter use of energy
Artificial intelligence could help us make smarter use of energy. In fact, this is already happening.
Tech giants have enormous data centres that require a massive amount of energy to run the servers and keep them cool. Artificial intelligence platform Deep Mind is being used to predict when its data centres will get too hot. Cooling systems are only activated when required. AI has saved around 40% in energy costs at some of the tech companies’ server farms.
5. Helping wildlife
As in the case of healthcare, being able to analyse massive amounts of data can transform wildlife conservation. For instance, by tracking animal movements, we can see where they go, and what habitats we need to protect. A study uses computing power to figure out the best places to create wildlife corridors. Wildlife corridors are continuous areas of protected land that link zones of biological significance that the animals can use to move safely through the wilderness.
Using artificial intelligence is not without its challenges, however. One of the biggest of these is – how do we keep the systems safe? Algorithms are based on data, so any change to that data will change the behaviour and outcomes.